Sweet Corn Cultivar Response to Postemergence Application of ALS/AHAS Inhibitors

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  • 1 1165 Horticulture Dept., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907-1165

This study was conducted in 1993 and 1994 to determine if nicosulfuron or primisulfuron had any adverse effects on ear or whole-plant development. Factors considered were cultivar, herbicide, rate, and timing of application. Four sweet corn cultivars: `More' (su), `Calico Belle' (se), and `Frontier' and `Challenger' (sh2) were evaluated for foliar injury, plant vigor, plant height (1994 only), ear injury, and yield. Nicosulfuron and primisulfuron were applied at two rates: the labeled rate (x) of 35 g a.i./ha and 40 g a.i./ha, respectively, and at the 2x rate. Herbicides were applied early postemergence at V2 (corn height 10–15 cm) or late postemergence at V7 (corn height 30–50 cm). Plant foliar injury ratings, ear injury ratings, number of ears, number of injured ears, and yields were collected. Ears with injury were described as pinched. There was a constriction of the cob, caused by a reduction in kernel row number, ranging from two to eight rows lost. Sweet corn cultivars varied in their response to nicosulfuron and primisulfuron. Timing of application had a greater impact on ear injury than did the rate. Applications at the V7 stage caused more severe ear injury than application at the V2 stage. Ear injury was more severe in nicosulfuron treatments than primisulfuron treatments. Height reductions were caused by both compounds at both applications, with primisulfuron causing greater stunting. Primisulfuron caused more severe foliar injury.

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