Effect of Root Zone Temperature on the Mineral Composition of Xylem Sap and Plasma Membrane K+–Mg++–ATPase Activity of Grafted Cucumber and Figleaf Gourd Root Systems

in HortScience

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) seedlings were grafted onto cucumber-(CG) or figleaf gourd (FG, Cucurbita ficifolia Bouche) seedlings in order to determine the effect of solution temperature 12, 22, and 32C) on the mineral composition of xylem sap and plasma membrane K+–Mg++–ATPase activities of the roots. Low solution temperature (12C) lowered the concentration \batchmode \documentclass[fleqn,10pt,legalpaper]{article} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amsmath} \pagestyle{empty} \begin{document} \(\mathrm{NO}_{3}^{-}\) \end{document} and \batchmode \documentclass[fleqn,10pt,legalpaper]{article} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amsmath} \pagestyle{empty} \begin{document} \(\mathrm{H}_{2}\mathrm{PO}_{4}^{-}\) \end{document} in xylem sap of CG plants, but not of FG plants. Concentrations of K+, Ca++, and Mg++ in xylem sap were less affected than anions by solution temperature. The plasma membrane of FG plants grown in 12C solution temperature showed the highest K+–Mg++–ATPase activity at all ATP concentrations up to 3 mM and at low reaction temperature up to 12C, indicating resistance of figleaf gourd to low root temperature.

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