Effect of Urea, Some Micronutrients, and Growth-regulator Foliar Sprays on the Yield, Fruit Quality, and Some Vegetative Characteristics of `Washington' Navel Orange Trees—Vegetative Growth and Mineral Leaf Content
This investigation was carried out during the experimental seasons of 1991–92 and 1992–93 on 25-year-old `Washington' navel orange trees grown in an orchard at Beni Suef (≈120 km south of Cairo). This part of the investigation studied the effect of foliar spraying urea (0.5%), a mixture of Zn (0.4%), Mn (0.3%), Fe (0.5%), and Cu (0.3%) in sulfates from 23% Zn, 28% Mn, 19% Fe, and 30% Cu, respectively, and two growth regulators (GA3 at 25 ppm and α-NAA at 10 ppm) on some vegetative aspects and leaf content of some macro- and micronutrients. The investigation also included the effect of number and date of spraying (one spray 3 weeks before flowering, one spray 4 weeks after fruit set, and two sprays at the two dates) on the studied traits. The results showed that the overall treatments included two sprays of urea, micronutrients (Zn, Mn, Fe, and Cu) and NAA at 10 ppm achieved the highest values for average leaf area and shoot diameter in both seasons. The treatment on shoot length was more effective when GA3 replaced NAA. Leaf analysis showed that the application of any of the nutrients was responsible for a pronounced increase in leaf content of that element, but reduced the contents of others. Growth regulator treatments lowered leaf content of the determined elements. However, all other treatments in this study reduced leaf content of P and K.