Comparison of Five Molecular Marker Systems in Assessing Genetic Relationships among 39 Elite Corn Belt Inbreds

in HortScience

The statistical properties associated with molecular markers are important when used to characterize germplasm. Evaluation of these properties are necessary for informed selection of one marker system over another. Five different molecular marker systems, Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLPs), Arbitrary Primed Polymerase Chain Reaction (AP-PCR), Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPDs), Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLPs), and Isozymes were used to evaluate 39 elite corn belt inbreds. Each system was characterized for fragment frequency distribution, and band correlation distribution as a measure of independence. A regression model estimating resolution and rate of information addition was constructed using the sampling variance. All marker systems were evaluated according to this model. The model facilitated genetic relationships among the inbreds to be compared at equivalent performance level among all marker systems. Four performance levels resulted in 10 comparisons. Pairwise test of significance were conducted using t tests where the null-distributions were obtained by the bootstrap procedure. The maker system were ranked, assisting breeders in selecting marker systems for germplasm organization.

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