Actinidia spp. Seedling Evaluation

in HortScience
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  • 1 Agriculture and Agrifood Canada, Pacific Agriculture research Centre Agassiz, British Columbia, Canada V0M 1A0.

Kiwifruit (A. chinensis, A. deliciosa) seedlings were propagated from seeds collected from their native habitat in China. They were planted at the Pacific Agri. Res. Center in 1988 for the purpose of selecting superior fruit. Out of 2212 Actinidia seedlings, 1425 flowered by 1994, with 794 being male and 631 female. Some selections flowered 1 month earlier and matured 3 weeks earlier than `Hayward' kiwifruit. One accession had fruit of comparable size to `Hayward' while maturing about 2 to 3 weeks earlier. Some hairless selections had an average fruit weight of 90 g, °Brix index of 18%, light flesh color, 207 mg/100 g of vitamin C, and early maturation. Most of the seedlings were hardy under a coastal British Columbia climate.

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