The Effects of Different Concentrations of Gibberellic Acid (GA3) and Kinetin on in Vitro Tuberization of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

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  • 1 1Dept. of Horticulture, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0724
  • | 2 2Panhandle Res. and Ext. Center, 4502 Ave. I, Scottsbluff, NE 69361.
  • | 3 3Dept. of Biometry, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0724

To determine the influence of gibberellic acid (GA3) and 6-furfuryl aminopurine (kinetin) concentrations alone and in combinations on in vitro tuberization of potato, nine treatments consisting of combinations of gibberellic acid and kinetin at three levels of concentration (0, 2, and 5 mg·liter–1) were included in Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 6% sucrose. Four single nodes of in vitro plantlets from Solanum tuberosum L. cultivar Atlantic were placed into each magenta box. All magenta boxes were arranged in a randomized complete box design with five replications and cultured under a short photoperiod condition (8 h light/16 h dark). Gibberellic acid strongly inhibited tuberization when used alone or with kinetin, whereas kinetin induced tuberization at both 2 and 5 mg·liter–1. Although tuberization was initiated in the absence of kinetin because of the high concentration of sucrose and short photoperiod, the presence of kinetin accelerated the in vitro tuberization process of potato.

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