The flowers of pakalana are initiated under long days (LD) at 18C or above. At 21 and 24C, inflorescence initiation occurs after 3 weeks of LD, and the clusters grow to 6 mm in another 2 weeks, but at 18C, about 12 weeks are required to achieve the 6-mm length. This length is critical, as a shorter stage often fails to develop further. From a length of 6 mm, clusters develop to anthesis in 3 to 4 weeks at 24C, 4 to 5 weeks at 21C, and 6 to 7 weeks at 18C. This work is important to the production of pakalana flowers for Hawaii's winter lei flower trade.
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