EXTENT OF GENOTYPIC VARIATION AMONG SWEETPOTATOES PRODUCED THROUGH NODAL AND ADVENTITIOUS SPROUTS

in HortScience

Our research compared the extent of genomic variability between plants originating from adventitious sprouts and nodal cultures. Plant materials, derived from a single sprout and originating from a storage root each of `Jewel,' `Sumor,' and L87-95, were clonally propagated for seven generations nodally and through adventitious sprouts. PCR-based analysis using 15 random primers identified 58 scorable molecular markers, 37 (63.79%) of which were shared by all three genotypes represented by 60 samples (10 nodal and 10 adventitiously derived plants/genotype). Of 29 putatively polymorphic markers, 24 (82.75%) were putative polymorphisms across the entire data set. The remaining four (13.79%) represented putatively fixed genotypic differences that were monomorphic within genotypes. A multidimensional scaling analysis differentiated seven (23.33%) adventitiously derived phenotypic marker variants, compared to four (13.33%) among nodal materials. Our results support previous findings that, relative to nonmeristematic tissues, meristematic regions strictly control cell division and DNA synthesis that exclude DNA duplication and other irregularities.

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