PEROXIDASE ACTIVITY DIFFERS IN SWEET CORN GENOTYPES

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  • 1 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, SCARL, Lane, OK 74555
  • 2 East Central University, Ada, OK 74820
  • 3 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, SCARL, Lane, OK 74555

Increased peroxidase activity is used to predict development of off-flavor in frozen sweet corn. However, peroxidase activity was not indicative of flavor changes in frozen supersweet (sh2) or sugar enhanced (sul/se) sweet corn genotypes. These results suggested an inactivation or absence of certain peroxidase isozymes. Frozen `Florida Staysweet' (sh2), `Merit' (sul), and `Bodacious' (sul/se) kernels were cut from cobs after 0 and 12 months of storage. Proteins extracted from acetone powders were separated by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and Native-PAGE. Banding patterns differed according to cultivar and storage duration. All cultivars contained a peroxidase isozyme having a molecular weight of 99 kD and pI of 4.5. The sul/se and su2 cultivars expressed an additional peroxidase band of 17.9 kD. An additional peroxidase isozyme (pI 5.0) appeared after 12 months of storage in the sul cultivar. This isozyme did not appear in sul/se or sh2 and is a possible marker for predicting off-flavor in corn. This isozyme may also catalyze off-flavor reactions in sul corn genotypes. Although changes in total peroxidase activity may not predict flavor loss in all genotypes, certain peroxidase isozymes may be useful in predicting and catalyzing off-flavor reactions in sul corn cultivars.

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