Incidence of Raspberry Bushy Dwarf Virus in Breeding Plots of Red Raspberry

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  • 1 U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service, Horticultural Crops Research Laboratory, 3420 Northwest Orchard Avenue, Corvallis, OR 97330
  • | 2 U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Germplasm Repository, 33447 Southeast Peoria Road, Corvallis, OR 97333
  • | 3 Agriculture Canada Research Station, 6660 Marine Drive, Vancouver, B.C. VGT 1X2, Canada

More than 300 red raspberry cultivars and selections were screened for raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) bushy dwarf virus (RBDV), tobacco streak virus (TSV), and tomato ringspot virus (TomRSV) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in three naturally infected breeding program selection plots at Corvallis, Ore. All genotypes tested negative for TSV and TomRSV. The RBDV incidence in primocane-fruiting cultivars and selections was 67%; in floricane-fruiting genotypes, it was 34%. The pattern of RBDV infection in the field showed no discernible trend. The high incidence may have been due to use of infected parents, propagation of infected genotypes, and pollen transmission. `Willamette', considered to be immune to the common strain of RBDV, along with 14 clones that had been in the field 10 years or longer, tested negative. The high incidence of RBDV in the breeding plots may provide an opportunity to identify resistant parents for breeding programs. An early seedling screening method for RBDV susceptibility is desirable to eliminate highly susceptible genotypes from the program and maintain a lower incidence of RBDV within the breeding plots.

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