FOLIAR TOTAL NONSTRUCTURAL CARBOHYDRATES IN APPLE CULTIVAR/ROOTSTOCK COMBINATIONS

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  • 1 Plant and Soil Sciences Department, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762

Apple leaves from current seasons' growth at mid-season (July) and during dormancy (December) were used to determine the influence of various apple scion/rootstock combination on total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC). `Empire' and `Royal Gala' had higher foliar TNC at mid-season compared to `Ultra Gold' on MM.106. `Empire' had higher foliar TNC on Mark than on MM.111, M.7A and M.26. `Blushing Golden' had higher foliar TNC on MM.111 than on the remaining rootstock% There was no significant interaction between cultivar and rootstock. Foliar TNC During Dormancy: `Blushing Golden' had the highest and lowest foliar TNC on MM.111 and M.7A, respectively. Cultivar differences did not exist with any rootstock. Foliar TNC results of this study indicated that there was a higher foliar TNC percentage in leaves at mid-season compared to leaves during dormancy. Data indicated cultivar influences on foliar TNC only at the mid-season. It seems that cultivar differences in TNC might be due to an increase in TNC formation, which during dormancy was stabilized. Rootstock influenced foliar TNC both at mid-season and during dormancy.

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