Split and Tank-mix Preemergence Application of Herbicide for Controlling Weeds in Grapes

in HortScience

Spring vs. fall plus spring (split) herbicide application times and single vs. tank-mix spring herbicide applications were compared as a means of extending summer annual weed control in vineyards. About 30% of the nontreated control areas were weed-covered by April or May of each of 3 years. Most treatments gave 60 or more days of acceptable annual weed control (≤ 30% cover) beyond the nontreated control. Fall plus spring application of diuron, norflurazon, or simazine at the half-label rate did not increase the days of control over spring application alone at the full-label rate. The tank-mixed herbicides diuron, norflurazon, and oryzalin in combinations of any two at the half-label rate were as effective as the full-label rate of these herbicides used alone. Weed control by oxyflurofen or simazine was extended by tank-mixing with oryzalin (half-label rates). Chemical names used: N -(3,4-dichlorophenyl) -N,N -dimethylurea (diuron); 4-chloro-5-(methylamino)-2-(a,a,a-trifluoro-m-tolyl)-3(2 H) -pyridazinone (norflurazon); 3,5-dinitro-N4,N4-dipropyl-sulfanilamide (oryzalin); 2-chloro-l-(3-ethoxy -4-nitrophenoxy)-4-(trifluoromethyl) benzene (oxyfluorfen); and 2-chloro-4,6-bis(ethylamino)-s-triazine (simazine).

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