865 PB 544 RESPONSE OF NIGELLIA SATIVA L. PLANTS TO FERTILIZATION AND GROWTH REGULATOR TREATMENTS. II. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

in HortScience

Nigellia sativa L. plants were fertilized with different rates of NPK fertilizers in combination with the growth regulators, BL-2142, CCC and Multiprop sprayed at varied concentrations.

Fertilization and growth regulators increased the volatile and fixed oil content in the seeds. The photosynthetic pigments in the leaves, the reducing sugar and the total carbohydrate contents, N, P, and K uptake in the herb were also increased.

The interaction between fertilization and growth regulators had a synergistic effect on increasing the volatile and fixed oil percentage and yield, the photosynthetic pigments, N, P, K uptake. The highest volatile oil yield was found when the plants received 100, 200 and 50 kg/feddan (4,200 sqm) of urea, calcium superphosphate and potassium sulphate, respectively and sprayed with 500 ppm BL-2142, 1000 ppm CCC or 12.5 pm Multiprop. The volatile oil, fixed oil yield and seed yield were highly and significantly correlated with each other.

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