768 PB 389 THE INFLUENCE OF ROOT-ZONE HEAT AND NIGHT AIR TEMPERATURES ON THE PRODUCTION OF SNAPDRAGONS (ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS L.) GROWN FOR CUT FLOWERS

in HortScience
Authors:
Muhammad MaqboolDepartment of Plant and Soil Sciences, Box 9555 Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Mississippi State, MS 39762

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Steven E. NewmanDepartment of Plant and Soil Sciences, Box 9555 Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Mississippi State, MS 39762

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Twelve snapdragon cultivars of different response groups were grown in a double polyethylene greenhouse to determine the impact of no root-zone heat (RZH) and 22C RZH at 15 or 20C night air temperature (NT) on flower quality. Data were recorded when the first floret of each stem showed color and harvested when the lower third of the florets were open, Flower quality was evaluated at harvest based upon stem length and fresh weight using Society of American Florists standards. Cultivars `Butterfly White II', `Hercules', `Navajo', and West Virginia' (Group II) were the first to bloom under 20C NT regardless of RZH; whereas cultivars `Oklahoma', Houston', and `Potomac Pink' (Group IV) were delayed. Similar trends were observed under 15C NT, but the crop was harvested a few days earlier with RZH as compared to no heat. Flower quality was better under 15C NT.

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