645 PB 407 FIELD STUDY OF BLACK SPOT RESISTANCE IN ROSE

in HortScience
Authors:
William A. BlackDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 71843-2133

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David H. ByrneDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 71843-2133

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H. Brent PembertonDepartment of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 71843-2133

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Forty-five rose genotypes including modem cultivars and rose species were evaluated in a field trial for resistance to black spot caused by Marssonina rosae. The trial was designed as a randomized block with four replications at two sites. The plots were planted at College Station (East Central Texas) and Overton (Northeast Texas). Ratings were done for the percentage of leatlets with black spot lesions and for leaf defoliation. These ratings were taken four times during the growing season from May to October 1993. Preliminary results indicate a high degree of resistance in the ten species studied, Modem cultivars were equally divided into moderate resistance, low resistance, and susceptible with only four showing high resistance. Disease pressure was higher and occurred earlier in the season at the Overton site. Disease pressure was highest at both sites in late spring and again in fall. Pressure was lowest in August after a prolonged period without rain. Introduction during the growing season of a previously unseen race of the pathogen was observed by the performance of the cultivar Sunbright.

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