589 PS 132 TISSUE PROLIFERATION IN ELEPIDOTE RHODODENDRONS

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  • 1 Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT 06504-1106 and Department of Plant Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269

Experiments were conducted on tissue proliferation (TP) development and in vitro and ex vitro growth of tissues from plants with (TP+) and without TP (TP-). In 1993 the increase in TP in one-, two-, and three-yr-old `Holden' and `Besse Howells' was 3%, 52%. and 32% and 10%, 26% and 21%, respectively. No differential mortality was observed. Shoot tip cultures initated from TP+ and TP- `Montego' showed 10-12 mo were required for miniaturiziation and multiplication in TP- shoot tips and 4 mo in TP+ shoot tips. TP- cultures require 10 uM 2-iP for normal shoot proliferation; whereas TP+ cultures had to be transferred to hormone-free medium after 6 mo to maintain normal shoot morphology. Cutting propagation from TP- and TP+ plants older than 5 yr, showed persistence of morphological aberrations associated with TP+ plants.

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