541 PB 055 PRECOCIOUS RESPONSE OF PEJIBAYE TO LEGUME, GRASS AND BLACK POLYPROPYLENE GROUNDCOVERS DURING ESTABLISHMENT IN HAWAII

in HortScience

Pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes, Palmae) is being evaluated for palm heart production in Hawaii. Counts of parasitic nematodes and yields at 18 months and weed control were evaluated in response to: Arachis pintoi, Cassia rotundifolia cv. Wynn, Desmodium ovalifolium, Chloris gayana, and woven black polypropylene mat. Four open-pollinated progenies from the Benjamin Constant population of the Putumayo landrace were used as replications. Twenty five percent of the plants were harvested, with means of 5, 20, 15, 15, and 70%, respectively. Individual heart weights did not vary significantly among treatments (mean = 169 g). Actual yields were significantly different, with means of 31, 125, 92, 99, and 440 kg/ha, respectively. All vegetative ground covers competed with pejibaye for nutrients, which explains the harvest percentages and yields. D. ovalifolium and C. gayana provided acceptable weed control. A. pintoi provided good ground cover, but reduced weed control.

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