529 PB 525 DETERMINING RESISTANCE IN STRAWBERRY TO ANTHRACNOSE USING TOXINS PRODUCED IN FUNGUS CULTURE

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  • 1 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Fruit Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705
  • | 2 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Small Fruit Research Station, Poplarville, MS 39470

We have determined in tests conducted both at Beltsville and Poplarville that several strawberry isolates of Colletotrichum acutatum, C. gloeosporioides and C. fragariae produce toxin-like compounds in culture. Crude culture filtrates (CFI elicited general and specific responses in tomato and strawberry plants. Tomato plants initially were used because they are highly responsive to toxins in general, whereas the reaction of strawberry plants apparently is greatly affected by environmental and nutritional growing conditions of the test plant. Toxin symptoms included leaf chlorosis and wilting, leaf midvein darkening, and plant death when CF was applied to leaves or if seedlings or petioles were immersed into CF. Juvenile tissues appear to be more susceptible to the effects of the toxins than mature tissue. No differences in response to culture filtrates were apparent among those from the Colletotrichum isolates. The putative toxins appear to act differentially with susceptible or resistant strawberry germplasm.

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