Guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) is a promising alternative to rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) for production of natural rubber in semiarid regions. For guayule to be commercially viable, substantial improvement in rubber yield is needed. Field studies were conducted on a dryland site in south Texas to evaluate productivity of selected guayule genotypes from Arizona and California. After 34 months of growth, no significant differences (p= 0.05) were found among the genotypes for rubber yield. However, rubber yields for most of the genotypes increased more than 3-fold from that of last year (1992) yields. Genotype `N9-5' from Arizona had the highest yield (1,239 kg ha-1). Survivability of the genotypes has progressively decreased over the years and survival rates for this year (1993) ranged from 48-25%.
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