360 ORIGIN, INHERITANCE, AND EFFECTS OF A DWARFING GENE FROM THE CITRUS ROOTSTOCK PONCIRUS TRIFOLIATA `FLYING DRAGQN'

in HortScience
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521

The `Flying Dragon' cultivar of Poncirus trifoliata L. Raf. is a strongly dwarfing rootstock for Citrus cultivars, reducing canopy volume of 9 year-old `Valencia' orange trees to 1/3 that of trees on standard rootstocks Open-pollinated seed of `Flying Dragon' was screened with isozyme markers to distinguish zygotic from nucellar (apomictic) seedlings. All zygotics had genotypes consistent with an origin by self-pollination. Zygotic seedlings were budded with `Valencia' orange scion and planted in the field. Of 46 progeny evaluated as rootstocks, 35 produced small trees similar to those on nucellar `Flying Dragon' and 11 produced large trees. This ratio is consistent with the 3:1 segregation expected for a single dominant gene. The dwarfing gene was closely linked, or pleiotropic with a gene causing curved thorns and stems. Several RAPD markers close to the dwarfing gene were identified with bulked segregant analysis. `Flying Dragon' apparently originated as a mutation because it had au identical genotype to non-dwarfing strains of trifoliate orange at all 38 isozyme and RFLP markers tested

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 42 12 2
PDF Downloads 240 87 8