Fifty-two germplasm accessions of Chinese vegetable Brassicas were analyzed using 112 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. The array of material examined spanned a wide range of morphological, geographic, and genetic diversity, and included 30 accessions of Brassica rapa (Chinese cabbage, pakchoi, turnip, broccoletto), 18 accessions of B. juncea (leaf, stem, and root mustards), and 4 accessions of B. oleracea ssp.alboglabra (Chinese kale). The RAPD markers unambiguously identified all 52 accessions. Net and Li genetic similarities were computed and used in UPGMA cluster analyses. Accessions and subspecies clustered into groups corresponding to the three species, but some accessions of some subspecies were most closely related to accessions belonging to another subspecies. Using genetic similarities, it was found that Chinese cabbage is more. likely to have been produced by hybridization of turnip and pakchoi, than as a selection from either turnip or pakchoi alone. RAPD markers provide a fast, efficient technique for diversity assessment that complements methods currently in use in genetic resources collections.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.