The Gray Zucchini cultivar of summer squash is widely consumed as a fresh market vegetable in Northwest Mexico but is highly suceptible to viral diseases. Gray Zucchini type lines were developed by interspecific hybridization using a local landrace of Cucurbita moschata, which has shown high levels of viral resistance, as male parent and suceptible C. pepo cv. classic as female. The lines were obtained after 4 backcrossing and 3-5 selfing generations. In 1993 average commercial yield of first generation hybrids between lines was 28,155 kg/ha followed by line × Gray Zucchini hybrids, lines, commercial hybrids (Classic. Corsair, Onyx, Raven), and open pollinated cultivars (Gray Zucchini, Black Zucchini) with 26,594, 21,062, 18,862 and 10,172 kg/ha respectively. Yield was inversely related to symptoms of viral infection.
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