Even with careful management, within-field practices are often insufficient to prevent considerable nonpoint source pollution to adjacent streams. Water resources suffer from sediment, N, and P transported in surface runoff and N in subsurface movement when fields are cultivated up to stream banks. The maintainance of forested buffer systems between farmland and streams has been proposed as a remedy for mitigating pollution. Chemical movement through such a buffer system has been monitored for several years at the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station. With the aid of that data, the Riparian Ecosystem Management Model is being developed to simulate biological, chemical, and hydrologic processes in order to evaluate the effectiveness of buffer system management for reducing the influx of pollutants to streams. The model allows an examination of the long-term potential of a buffer system under changing environmental conditions.