048 FERTILITY RESTORATION OF AN INTERSPECIFIC ALSTROEMERIA HYBRID BY GENETIC MANIPULATIONS IN VITRO

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  • 1 Department of Plant Science, U-67, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 96269

An interspecific hybrid of Alstroemeria aurea × Alstroemeria caryophyllaea was rescued by immature ovule culture and was completely sterile. To restore the fertility of the hybrid, young, vigorous shoots and buds were treated aseptically with three colchicine levels (0.2, 0.4, and 0.6% in DMSO solution) at four treatment durations (6, 12, 18, and 24 hours), before being cultured onto a shoot regeneration medium for regrowth and development. The growth and development of all treated shoots were retarded by the colchicine. New shoots were regenerated from 61% of the surviving cultures after one month. The degree of recovery was not significantly different among treatments, although the highest concentration (0.6%) and the longest time treatment (24 hours) resulted in some morphological abnormalities. Cultures with newly regenerated shoots/buds were able to initiate roots and, eventually, sixty plantlets were transplanted into the greenhouse after acclimatization. Cytological examination of the root tip cells of the plantlets indicated that tetraploids (2n=4x=32) as well as aneuploids plants were generated from the colchicine treatment, whereas all plants from the control were diploids (2n=2x=16). Details explaining cytological changes and the fertility of the colchiploids will be presented.

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