018 EFFECTS OF ANCYMIDOL, PACLOBUTRAZOL, AND UNICONAZOLE ON GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF ACHIMENES cv HILDA UNDER TWO LIGHT LEVELS

in HortScience
Author: J. C. Vlahos1
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  • 1 Technological Educational Institute, 71500 Iraklion, Crete, Greece

Plants of Achimenes cv Hilda were treated with foliar sprays of Ancymidol, Paclobutrazol and Uniconazole at 3 different concentrations each, and were placed in a greenhouse at 21°C under 2 light levels (0 and 40% light exclusion) for 12 weeks. Reduced light level decreased plant height, number of axillary shoots and flowers. The three growth retardants in any concentration, supressed development of axillary shoots and flowers. Ancymidol at 25 and 50 mg.1-1, Uniconazole at 5 mg.1-1 and Paclobutrazol at 25, 50 or 100 mg.1-1 decreased plant height and number of leaf whorls. Number of rhizomes was reduced by the 3 chemicals at the highest concentration only. Paclobutrazol was most effective than the other 2 growth retardants. Effects of treatments were more pronounced under shade rather than in full sunlight. Days to anthesis was not affected by any of the treatments except by Paclobutrazol at 100 mg.1-1. The use of these growth retardants in concentration and mode of application similar to those used in this study is not recommended for “Hilda” as height retardation significantly reduces number of flowers

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