Micropropagation of Pacific Dogwood

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  • 1 The Micropropagation Unit, Forest Research Nursery, Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83843

Idaho's population of Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii Audubon) has declined. Propagation of disease-resistant clones would be useful to horticulturists and conservation biologists. In vitro-derived microshoots, incubated for 1 month on woody plant medium supplemented with 6.04 mm calcium gluconate and 4.44 μm benzyladenine, produced an average of 3.1 axillary microshoots per explant. Up to 62% of the elongated microshoots had rooted ex vitro 5 weeks following a 4.5%IBA talc dip. Plantlets resumed shoot growth within 2 months of acclimatization, and 70% survived after 1 year. This protocol is more rapid and efficient than propagation by layering or rooting the difficult-to-root stem cuttings of this species. Chemical names used: 2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxy-caproic acid (calcium gluconate), benzyladenine (BA), 3-indolebutyric acid (IBA).

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