Municipal Solid Waste Compost Suppresses Weeds in Vegetable Crop Alleys

in HortScience
Authors:
Nancy E. RoeUniversity of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research and Education Center, P. O. Box 248, Ft. Pierce, FL 34954

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Peter J. StoffellaUniversity of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research and Education Center, P. O. Box 248, Ft. Pierce, FL 34954

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Herbert H. BryanUniversity of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Tropical Research and Education Center, 18905 SW 280th Street, Homestead, FL 33031

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A mulch of municipal solid waste compost at 224 t·ha was compared with glyphosate sprays and a nontreated check for weed control in vegetable crop bed alleys during Spring and Summer 1992. In both experiments, there was a significantly lower percentage of weed coverage in the compost mulch and herbicide spray plots than in the control plots. Weed control in the compost and herbicide treatments was similar. In the spring experiment, tractor tire traffic through the alleys reduced weed growth in all plots by 62 % and 44% at 16 and 73 days after treatment initiation, respectively. These results suggest that municipal solid waste compost may have potential as a viable mulch for weed control in vegetable crop alleys. Chemical name used: isopropylamine salt of N -(phosphonomethyl) glycine (glyphosate).

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