Chilling, Ethephon, and Photoperiod Affect Cormel Production of Brodiaea

in HortScience
Author: S.S. Han1
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  • 1 Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, French Hall, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003

Stratification by chilling is the primary factor controlling germination of brodiaea (Triteleia laxa Benth.) seeds. A minimum of 8 weeks of low temperature (3C) was required for maximum germination. Soaking seeds in a solution of 1000 mg ethepho/liter for 20 h reduced the number of weeks at low temperature required for germination. Cormel size was affected by the photoperiod during seedling growth. Long days induced early leaf senescence, and cormels harvested from seedlings grown under long days weighed only half as much as those grown under short days. Chemical name used: 2-chloroethyl phosphoric acid (ethephon).

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