Gamma Radiation Influences Postharvest Disease Incidence of Pineapple Fruits

in HortScience
Authors:
M. DamayantiDepartment of Life Sciences, Manipur University, Imphal-795003, India

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G.J. SharmaDepartment of Life Sciences, Manipur University, Imphal-795003, India

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S.C. KunduDepartment of Life Sciences, Manipur University, Imphal-795003, India

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The application of gamma radiation for improving the storage of pineapple fruits [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. cv. Queen] has been studied in an attempt to reduce decay caused by fungal pathogens such as Ceratocystis paradoxa (Dade)-Moreau and Penicillium purpurogenum Stoll. Gamma radiation at 50, 75, 100, 150, and 250 Gy improved shelf life. The maximum tolerable dose was ≈250 Gy. Fruits irradiated with up to 150 Gy and then stored at 25 to 28C maintained their texture better than did the controls. Radiation, particularly at doses >250 Gy, caused browning of the shin and softening of tissues. Browning increased with increasing radiation dose and storage duration. Excessively high doses promoted spoilage. Doses in the range of 50 to 250 Gy, in combination with storage at 11 to 13C, can be used to reduce postharvest losses in pineapple due to fungal diseases and senescence, thereby extending shelf life.

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