GROWTH REGULATORS AND PRUNING AFFECT FLOWER AND FRUIT DEVELOPMENT IN COFFEA ARABICA L.

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  • 1 Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-2911
  • 2 Hawaii Branch Station, University of Hawaii, 461 W. Lanikaula St., Hilo, HI 96720

Unsynchronized flowering and fruit ripening of coffee prohibits mechanical harvesting and results in high labor costs. Coffee (C.arabica c. Guatemalan) trees were sprayed at the beginning of the 1988 and 1989 flowering season with solutions of benzyladenine (BA), gibberellic acid GA3 (GA), and Promalin (PR) or were pruned in 1988 to determine effects on synchronizing flowering and ripening. Growth regulators affected the time to flowering and harvesting compared to the control, however, treatment effects were dependent on the time of growth regulator application. Application of PR and GA at 100 mg/l in Jan 1988 shortened the average days to flowering by 16 and 13 days, and the average days to harvest by 15 days compared to the control. Pruning of three apical nodes of primary lateral branches in Feb 1988 caused delays in flowering, reduced flower and fruit number per tree, and caused branch dieback.

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