INHERITANCE OF LOW CHILLING CHARACTER ON THREE ALMOND PROGENIES.

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  • 1 Departamento de Agricultura y Ganadería. Universidad de Sonora, 83000 Hermosillo, Son. Mexico.

Almond production is restricted to areas with at least 300 chill units. Selection of plants with lower chilling requirements is a priority in our area. The progenies of two low chilling cvs. `Rané' and `Constantini' and one of medium chilling cv. `Cavaliera' were chosen for this study. The selected trees were open pollinated and 100 seeds of each variety were planted on individual pots after three week stratification. Three groups were formed according to the speed of germination and transplanted to the nursery. The date of blooming of each individual was recorded. A positive correlation was found between time of blooming of the progenitor and that of the progeny regardless of the origin. On the descendence of `Cavaliera', a positive correlation between speed of germination and bloom date was observed. However on `Constantini' and `Rané' progenies, the same correlation had no significance. `Cavaliera' produced a 45% of low chilling requirement descendants, `Rané' had 67% and `Constantini' had the higher ability to transmit the low chilling character with a 78% of the progeny with that trait.

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