EFFECTS OF HIGH-PRESSURE SODIUM AND METAL HALIDE SUPPLEMENTAL LIGHTING ON GROWTH, YIELD AND GAS EXCHANGES OF VEGETABLE CROPS

in HortScience
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  • 1 Département de phytologie, Centre de recherche en horticulture, Université Laval, Québec, Canada, G1K 7P4

The objective of the experiments was to compare the performance of metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps on growth and yield of vegetables. Four experiments with lettuce were carried out. The lettuce grown under HPS lamps had a head firmness higher than under MH lamps. The difference between the type of lamps on fresh weight was not very constant with the period of production. There was no interaction between lamp and cultivar. Two experiments were carried out with tomato in Spring and Fall 1991. For a tomato crop, the yield and quality of the fruit were not affected by the type of lamps. Photosynthesis and transpiration of tomato and pepper plants were measured under MH and HPS lamps. No significant differences were found between both lamps under two humidity conditions and four PPFs. Under high humidity conditions, transpiration under MH was higher than under HPS.

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