Field evaluations for resistance against downy mildew, incited by Pseudoperonospora cubensis [(Berk. and Cart.) Rostow], were conducted on 942 U.S. Plant Introductions (PI) of Cucumis melo L. (melon). A disease index (DI) was calculated for each entry. Based on DI, PI 124112 was highly resistant (DI = 3.7), and PIs 124111, 122847, 124210, 145594, and 165525 were resistant (DI = 3.0, 2.8, 2.6, 2.7, and 2.5, respectively). PIs 124111 and 124112 had one or more plants that exhibited a highly resistant reaction type (RT 4). Resistant (RT 3) plants were identified in 31 accessions, and 49 accessions bad moderately resistant (RT 2) plants.
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