PLANT HORMESIS INDUCED BY ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT-C FOR INDUCING RESISTANCE OF BROWN ROT OF PEACHES

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  • 1 1George Washington Carver Agricultural Experiment Station, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, 36088
  • | 2 2United States Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service, Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron.Georgia, 31008
  • | 3 3United States Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Kearneysville. West Virginia, 25430
  • | 4 4Agriculture Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel

Low hormetic doses of ultraviolet light (UV-C) stress on exposed peaches (Prunus persica). reduced brown rot resulting from field and artificial inoculation from Monilinia fructicola. To test the hypothesis that UV-C induced resistance through host responses the following tests involving biochemical changes (phenlyalanine ammonia-lyase activity (PAL) and ethylene production (EP)), bioassay of antifungal activity of tissue extracts to the fungus, and latent infection of rot free peaches previously treated with and without UV-C were determined. Exposure of peaches to UV-C dose of 7.5×104 ergs/mm2 promoted an increase in PAL and EP compared to the control. As the PAL activity increased, percent storage rots decreased. Antifungal activity to the fungal conidia in UV-C treated peach extract showed that the percent conidia germination was reduced 3 folds. Preharvest infection of brown rot which indicated latent infection was significantly reduced. To test for the germicidal effect of UV-C on M. fructicola on the surface of peaches, an artificial epiphytic population of the fungus was deposited on the peaches. A negative relationship between UV-C dose of 1.3 to 40×104 ergs /mm2, colony forming units and number of decaying brown rot lesions were found.

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