Calcium and Heat Treatments to Improve Storability of `Anna' Apples

in HortScience
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  • 1 Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dugan 50250, Israel

Apples (Malus domestica Borkh. cv. Anna) were treated at harvest by a dip in 3% CaCI2 solution, heated for 4 days at 38C, or the two treatments combined, before being placed in OC storage. After removal of the apples from storage and holding them for 1 week at 20C, the combined treatment maintained fruit quality best. The fruit remained firmer than with either treatment separately, and peel yellowing and decreased titratable acidity caused by the heat treatment were less pronounced. Heat treatment alone maintained fruit firmness, while CaCI2 alone had no effect on fruit quality, although it raised the fruit calcium level more than the combined treatment in most experiments. Altering the temperature (0, 20, or 38C) of the CaCl2 dip did not change its efficacy. There was less soluble and more insoluble pectin in cell wall extracts of apples from the combined treatment than from other treatments. In addition, proportionally less Ca was present in the water-soluble pectin fraction of the combined treatment compared to other treatments, indicating different binding properties in the cell wall.

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