Ripening of Kiwifruit Exposed to Ethanol and Acetaldehyde Vapors

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  • 1 Istituto Tecnologie Agro Alimentary, Universitá della Tuscia, Via De Lellis, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
  • 2 Department of Vegetable Crops/Mann Laboratory, University of California, Davis, CA 9.5616

Exposure to acetaldehyde (M) vapors that produced tissue levels of 0.02% AA (w/w) stimulated ripening of `Hayward' kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa L.) much more effectively than exposure to ethanol vapors that produced tissue levels of 0.18% ethanol. Tissue levels of 0.02% and 0.18% ethanol stimulated ripening, while the ripening rate of tissue with 0.04% was similar to the controls. Ethylene and CO production from M-treated tissues were, respectively, 23 times and 60% higher than from control tissues. AA induced a rapid softening that was localized in the core tissue and rendered the fruit unmarketable for 7 days after treatment.

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