EVALUATING SWEETPOTATOES FOR RESISTANCE TO THREE PATHOGENS SIMULTANEOUSLY

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  • 1 Department of Horticulture, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762

A factorial test was conducted to evaluate the potential of screening sweetpotato plants to three pathogens simultaneously. The pathogens were Meloidogyne incognita, Fusarium oxysporum, and Streptomyces ipomoea. The test also involved six sweetpotato cultivars and three evaluation times. Evaluation times were 3, 6, and 9 weeks post inoculation. The symptoms evaluated were vascular necrosis, fibrous root necrosis, and gall and egg mass production. For each of the three pathogens, the ability to separate cultivars with intermediate levels of resistance from those with low levels of resistance decreased as post Inoculation time increased. Simultaneous screening was practical if the goal was to select plants with resistance to all three pathogens. Resistances to individual pathogens could not be identified in plants inoculated with all three pathogens.

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