Stem Banding Enhances Rooting and Subsequent Growth of M.9 and MM.106 Apple Rootstock Cuttings

in HortScience
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Floriculture and Ornamental Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-5908

Softwood shoots of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) rootstocks M.9 and MM.106 were banded with Velcro for up to 20 days before cuttings were propagated. Percent rooting and the number of roots per cutting were significantly improved by banding for 10 to 20 days, with and without IBA application. As the duration of stem banding increased from 0 to 20 days, percent rooting and the number of roots of both M.9 and MM.106 cuttings increased linearly or curvilinearly. Stem banding also stimulated budbreak of cuttings. In M.9, banding resulted in a higher survival rate and increased new shoot growth of transplanted cuttings after 4 months. Percent budbreak and new shoot growth were highly correlated with the number of roots per cutting in both cultivars. The effects of stem banding on budbreak and subsequent growth of the cuttings were largely due to the enhanced rooting of cuttings. Chemical names used: 1H-indole3-butyric acid (IBA).

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 93 24 2
PDF Downloads 124 54 3