PHOTOSYNTHESIS, RESPIRATION, AND CARBON COST OF DEVELOPING RABBITEYE BLUEBERRY FRUIT

in HortScience
Authors:
Keith BirkholdFruit Crops Department, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

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Rebecca DarnellFruit Crops Department, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

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Karen KochFruit Crops Department, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

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Carbon exchange and content of blueberry (Vaccinium ashei) fruit were measured from anthesis through fruit ripening in order to determine the amount of imported carbon required for fruit development. Net photosynthesis occurred in blueberry fruit from petal fall through color break. During this time, gross photosynthesis of fruit decreased from 30.1 μmol CO2·g fw-1·hr-1 to 4.8 μmol CO2·g fw-1·hr-1, and dark respiration decreased from 14.3 μmol CO2·g fw-1·hr-1 to 4.6 μmol CO2·g fw-1·hr-1. After color break, the photosynthetic rate fell to zero, and the respiration rate increased to 8.0 μmol CO2·g fw-1·hr-1, before decreasing. Preliminary data suggest that fruit photosynthesis contributes 11% of the total carbon required (dry weight gain + respiratory loss) during fruit development however, it supplies 50% of the total carbon required during the first 5 days after petal fall. This contribution of carbon from fruit photosynthesis may be critical in initial fruit development since the current season's vegetative growth is not yet providing carbohydrates.

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