GROWTH STUDIES WITH SNAP BEANS TO PREDICT HARVEST

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  • 1 Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37901

Studies were initiated in 1989 to characterize phonological events with corresponding growth and development phenomena of `Eagle' and `Provider' snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Ten plantings at approximately 15 day intervals were made at Knoxville, TN from April 17 through July 27. Days to reach growth stages V0 thru R7 were recorded for each cultivar for each planting date. Air temperature, total radiant energy, wind speed and relative humidity were recorded hourly throughout the 171 day test period. Growing degree days (GDD) computed by 8 methods and growing degree hours (GDH) computed by 2 methods were regressed against plant developmental stages. GDD and GDH, along with pod size and pod fiber content, will be discussed as possible indices for predicting harvest maturity. With the methods used to calculate heat summation in this study, GDD and GDH from planting to pod maturity ranged from approximately 550 to 975 and 9,700 to 20,000, respectively.

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