THE USE OF ETHEPHON AND NAA AS A HARVEST AID ON PECANS (Carya illinoensis Koch.) IN MEXICO

in HortScience
Authors:
Martinez T. MiguelCentro de Investigation en Alimentaciòn y Desarrollo, A.C., Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.

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Duarte U. MiguelCentro de Investigation en Alimentaciòn y Desarrollo, A.C., Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.

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Ethephon and NAA in 2 combinations were applied to 17 year old “Western” pecan trees near the coast of Hermosillo, in Sonora, Mexico. The treatments were: a) 300 ppm NAA plus 800 ppm Ethephon; b) 300 ppm NAA plus 500 ppm Ethephon. These treatments were applied at three different times: first, when nut physiological maturity was reached, second, 10 days after nut physiological maturity and third, 21 days after physiological maturity was reached. The best treatment was the combination of 300 ppm NAA plus 800 ppm Ethephon applied 10 days after physiological maturity. This treatment resulted in 100% shuck dehiscence, 10% leaf abscission, 2 weeks advance in harvest and the best kernel color when compared to control.

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