The Use of Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae in Boston Fern Production: I. Effects of Peat-based Mixes

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Authors:
F. PontonCentre de Recherche en Biologic Forestière, Faculté de Foresterie et de Géomatique, University Laval, Ste-Foy, Qué. G1K 7P4, Canada

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Y. PichéCentre de Recherche en Biologic Forestière, Faculté de Foresterie et de Géomatique, University Laval, Ste-Foy, Qué. G1K 7P4, Canada

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S. ParentCentre de Recherche Premier Ltée, Rivière du Loup, B.P. 2600, Qué. G5R 4C9, Canada

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M. CaronCentre de Recherche Premier Ltée, Rivière du Loup, B.P. 2600, Qué. G5R 4C9, Canada

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The horticultural Boston fern [Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott cv. Verona] was micropropagated in vitro using commercial techniques. Rooted plantlets were transferred into pots containing one of three test substrates made of peat and vermiculite and subsequently inoculated with one of two species of Glomus. Survival of uninoculated control plants growing on a black peat-based mix was less than that on a brown peat-based mix. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) inoculation significantly increased survival on the former, but not the latter, substrate. The growth of roots was enhanced in brown peatmoss, but VAM colonization was faster with black peatmoss. Compared to uninoculated controls growing under the same fertilization regime, inoculated plants had significantly higher frond P and N concentration and also showed better frond and root growth. On a growth-increment basis, our results suggested that the brown peat-based mixed was more suitable for fungal activity and fern growth.

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Address for correspondence: Centre de Recherche en Biologic Forestière, Faculté de foresterie et de géomatique, Université Laval, Ste-Fey, Qué. G1K 7P4, Canada.
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