GENETICS AND BREEDING FOR RESISTANCE TO PATHOGENS OF BEANS WITH EMPHASIS ON THOSE CAUSING BACTERIAL AND RUST DISEASES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC AND NEBRASKA

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  • 1 1University of Nebraska
  • 2 2Lincoln, NE, University of Puerto Rico
  • 3 3Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, and SEA, Dominican Republic

Disease of beans, particularly common bacterial blight (CBB) (DR, NE), rust (DR, NE), web blight (WB) (DR) and bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV) (DR) are major constraints to bean yields and seed quality. The objectives were to identify resistant (R) germplasm, to conduct genetic studies, to develop R cultivars (DR, NE), to improve research facilities and capabilities (DR), to train personnel and educate graduate students (DR, NE). The expected impact is (1) the improvement of breeding programs, yields and income to farmers and (2) returning specialists will permit improved research in the DR. The most significant advances in research were as follows: (i) BAC-6 dry bean breeding line was found to be R to CBB seed infection, (ii) The reaction to CBB was inherited quantitatively with low NSH estimates, (iii) Rust race nonspecific R was correlated with abaxial leaf pubescence; the latter trait was inherited qualitatively, (iv) R to BGMV and WB were identified and (v) Improved cultivars and breeding lines were developed (DR, NE).

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