Tissue Culture of Fruit Crops in China

in HortScience
Authors:
Dayuan WangChinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Search for other papers by Dayuan Wang in
ASHS
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Yao-lin GuiInstitute of Botany, Academica Sinica, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Search for other papers by Yao-lin Gui in
ASHS
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Jiang-san SunInstitute of Botany, Academica Sinica, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Search for other papers by Jiang-san Sun in
ASHS
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close

Abstract

In China, research on tissue culture applications to fruit crop improvement has expanded greatly in the past 10 years. Tissue culture is considered to be an effective method for a) virus elimination from vegetatively propagated plants; b) rapid clonal multiplication of superior cultivars; c) the isolation and avoidance of chimeras that appear in mutation breeding, d) the establishment of haploid and polyploid lines; e) overcoming sterility in breeding through embryo rescue; and f) germplasm maintenance and storage. Tissue culture technology has been used for most of the important fruit crops in China, including a few fruit crops introduced from foreign countries (Table 1). Plants can be regenerated from various explants such as a) shoot-tips and meristems, b) cotyledons, c) anthers, d) immature and mature embryos, and e) endosperm. Plants can also be regenerated from protoplasts via organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis, or axillary bud proliferation. Procedures for the mass production in vitro of plants for commercial purposes have been established in grape (Vitis vinifera L.), hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge), strawberry (Fragaria spp.), and currant (Ribes nigrum L.). An overview of the various tissue culture technologies that are being used to improve fruit crops in China is presented here.

Contributor Notes

Present address: DNA Plant Technology Corp., Cinnaminson, NJ 08077.

Received for publication 2 Feb. 1988. We thank David A. Evans, B. Reisch, and J. Hunter for their helpful comments. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

 

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 21 21 9
PDF Downloads 21 21 6