Postharvest Water Loss from Freeze-damaged Citrus Fruit

in HortScience
Authors:
Albert C. PurvisUniversity of Florida, IFAS and Florida Department of Citrus, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, EL 33850

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G. Eldon BrownUniversity of Florida, IFAS and Florida Department of Citrus, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, EL 33850

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Robert D. CarterUniversity of Florida, IFAS and Florida Department of Citrus, Citrus Research and Education Center, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, EL 33850

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Abstract

Freeze-damaged ‘Marsh’ grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) and ‘Pineapple’ orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] fruit were sealed in polyethylene shrink film and stored for 6 weeks at 15°C in an attempt to prevent segment dehydration. Although the film greatly restricted water loss from the fruit, segment dehydration was similar to that observed for waxed fruit. During dehydration of freeze-damaged segments of ‘Valencia’ orange fruit, the relative water content of the adjacent mesocarp tissue increased. However, no differences were found in the soluble carbohydrate levels in mesocarp tissue adjacent to damaged and undamaged segments. The results indicate that the mesocarp tissue is not only in the pathway of water loss from free-damaged citrus fruit, but also accumulates water from damaged tissues. Furthermore, segment tissue membranes and walls appear to be differentially permeable to sugars and water.

Contributor Notes

Assistant Horticulturist.

Assistant Professor, Turfgrass Science.

Research Director.

Received for publication 20 Aug. 1982. Financial support for this research from the Toro company is gratefully acknowledged. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.

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