‘Novole’: A Crabapple Selected for Resistance to Pine Voles and Meadow Voles

in HortScience
Authors:
James N. CumminsDepartment of Pomology & Viticulture, N.Y. State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY 14456

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Herb S. AldwinckleDepartment of Pomology & Viticulture, N.Y. State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY 14456

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Ross E. ByersWinchester Fruit Research Laboratory, 2500 Valley Ave., Winchester, VA 22601

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Abstract

In 1973, Ross Byers at VPI's Winchester laboratory and rootstock breeder Jim Cummins and plant pathologist Herb Aldwinckle at Cornell's Geneva station initiated a cooperative project to explore Malus for resistance to the pine vole, Microtus pinetorum Leeone. The Geneva breeders furnished more than 300 clones during the next 5 years, representing 12 Malus species and including many interspecific hybrids. Byers and his associates tested the voles' responses to the many choices offered. Throughout the several years of testing, the voles consistently exhibited a strong nonpreference for a Japanese crabapple, now introduced as ‘Novole’, and later for many of its hybrids (1, 6).

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