(2-Chloroethyl)phosphonic acid (ethephon) was applied at 0, 570, 1000 and 2000 ppm to muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolia Mich. cv. Hunt), 1, 2, or 3 days before once-over harvest. All ethephon treatments increased berry abscission and reduced skin tear due to harvest when berries were harvested 2 days or 3 days after spraying. Delaying harvest to 3 days after treatment with 2000 ppm ethephon increased berry abscission to 46% and reduced skin tear to 9% in 1977. In 1978, 2000 ppm of ethephon increased berry abscission to 29% and reduced skin rupture to 29%. Taste panels could not detect flavor difference from the ethephon treatments.
Received for publication October 29, 1979. Supported by State, Hatch and IR-4 funds allocated to the Georgia Agricultural Experiment Stations.
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Ethephon was provided by Amchem Products, Inc., Ambler, PA.