In 1803, an internationally significant grapevine collection was established at the Georgikon Faculty (an institute of independent higher education in the field of agronomy), Hungary, aiming to introduce new cultivars into practice.
In the framework of the national grapevine breeding program, clonal selection was started with the selection of ‘Olaszrizling’ in 1949. (Syn.: Italian riesling, Welschriesling, Laski Rizling). Later on, the classical cross-breeding was processed in the 1950s. There are six cultivars (Cserszegi fűszeres, Nektár, Korona, Pátria, Rozália, Pelso) in the Hungarian National Catalogue of Cultivars (https://portal.nebih.gov.hu/) as a result of these breeding efforts.
Messiás is a result of crossing Dunaj and Merlot grape cultivars (Fig. 1). The aim was to create an early ripening grape cultivar with tolerance to abiotic factors (e.g., intemperate weather) combined with the benefits of established cultivars and with new features that meet today’s expectations. Preserving its fruity nature, it is possible to make an easy-to-consume wine with good acids. The goal was to complete harvesting and processing before traditional cultivars. In addition, drought tolerance, yield, wine quality, easy propagation, and introgression of maximum disease resistance were also important.
A new red wine grape cultivar of the University of Pannonia Georgikon Faculty has been presented, based on our own cultivar experiments and those of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO).
Balga, I. 2014 Technológiai műveletek hatásai az Egri Bikavér élettanilag aktív vegyületeinek összetételére és érzékszervi tulajdonságaira. SZIE, PhD Diss
Kálly, M., András, K., Katalin, N.S. & Annamária, S.-L. 2018 Első adatok a Purcsin szőlőfajta borának kémiai összetételéről Borászati füzetek XXVIII (6): 277 278