Partridge tea is one of the famous local herbal teas of Hainan Island, China. In the present study, headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were combined to determine and analyze the volatile components in the red and green leaves of partridge tea. Seventeen volatile components were identified in the red young leaves. The olefins, alkanes, and alcohols accounted for 71.24%, 1.1%, and 0.54%, among which the main components were caryophyllene (22.50%), humulene (18.73%), and α-guaiene (8.78%), respectively. Twenty volatile components were identified from red mature leaves, including 34.74% olefins, 6.14% esters, and 3.11% acids. Eighteen volatile components were identified from green young leaves, among which olefins (70.52%), alkanes (4.32%), and alcohol (0.89%) were the major components. Nineteen volatile components were identified from green mature leaves, among which the olefins, esters, and acids were the major components with the contents of 46.04%, 6.38%, and 1.37%, respectively. Results showed that the major volatile components of partridge tea were olefins, in which caryophyllene was the most abundant. The contents of volatile components between red leaves and green leaves had notable differences, which might be useful for germplasm identification of partridge tea.
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 31560108). JLJ designed and supervised the experiments. SCQ and YW performed data analysis, and SCQ wrote the manuscript. AK and YW revised the manuscript. All the authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Corresponding authors. E-mail: email@example.com or Elaeis@catas.cn.
CallejaM.A.VieitesJ.M.Montero-MeléndezT.TorresM.I.FausM.J.GilA.Suarez.A.2013The antioxidant effect of essential β-caryophyllene protects rat liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell activationBrit. J. Nutr.109312881292
Calleja,M.A.VieitesJ.M.Montero-Meléndez,T.TorresM.I.FausM.J.GilA.Suarez.A.2013The antioxidant effect of essential β-caryophyllene protects rat liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell activation109312881292)| false
LiY.P.HeL.P.ChenY.F.LuZ.L.ZhengY.L.PanJ.G.Lin.L.2007Identification of volatile components in Chinese propolis by solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS)Modern Food Sci. Technol.23712881292
Li,Y.P.He,L.P.Chen,Y.F.Lu,Z.L.Zheng,Y.L.Pan,J.G.Lin.L.2007Identification of volatile components in Chinese propolis by solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS)23712881292)| false
MedeirosR.PassosG.F.VitorC.E.KoeppJ.MazzucoT.L.PianowskiL.F.CamposM.M.Clixto.J.B.2007Effect of two active compounds obtained from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea on the acute inflammatory responses elicited by LPS in the rat pawBrit. J. Pharmacol.151512881292
Medeiros,R.Passos,G.F.Vitor,C.E.Koepp,J.Mazzuco,T.L.Pianowski,L.F.Campos,M.M.Clixto.J.B.2007Effect of two active compounds obtained from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea on the acute inflammatory responses elicited by LPS in the rat paw151512881292)| false
NakagawaM.YamaguchiT.FukawaH.OgataJ.KomiyamaS.AkiyamaS.Kuwano.M.1985Potentiation by squalene of the cytotoxicity of anticancer agents against cultured mammalian cells and murine tumorJpn. J. Cancer Res.76412881292
Nakagawa,M.Yamaguchi,T.Fukawa,H.Ogata,J.Komiyama,S.Akiyama,S.Kuwano.M.1985Potentiation by squalene of the cytotoxicity of anticancer agents against cultured mammalian cells and murine tumor76412881292)| false
SabulalB.DanM.AnilJ.J.KurupR.PradeepN.S.ValsammaR.K.George.V.2006Caryophyllene-rich rhizome oil of Zingibernimmonii from South India: Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activityPhytochemistry672212881292
Sabulal,B.Dan,M.Anil,J.J.Kurup,R.Pradeep,N.S.Valsamma,R.K.George.V.2006Caryophyllene-rich rhizome oil of Zingibernimmonii from South India: Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity672212881292)| false
TistaertaC.DejaegheraB.ChataignébG.RivièrebC.NguyenH.N.ChauV.M.Quetin-LeclercqbJ.Heyden.Y.V.2012Potential antioxidant compounds in Mallotus species fingerprints. Part II: Fingerprint alignment, data analysis and peak identificationAnal. Chim. Acta7213543
Tistaerta,C.Dejaeghera,B.Chataignéb,G.Rivièreb,C.Nguyen,H.N.Chau,V.M.Quetin-Leclercqb,J.Heyden.Y.V.2012Potential antioxidant compounds in Mallotus species fingerprints. Part II: Fingerprint alignment, data analysis and peak identification7213543)| false
YangZ.KobayashiE.KatsunoT.AsanumaT.FujimoriT.IshikawaT.TomomuraM.MochizukiK.WataseT.NakamuraY.Watanabe.N.2012Characterisation of volatile and non-volatile metabolites in etiolated leaves of tea (Camellia sinensis) plants in the darkFood Chem.135412881292
Yang,Z.Kobayashi,E.Katsuno,T.Asanuma,T.Fujimori,T.Ishikawa,T.Tomomura,M.Mochizuki,K.Watase,T.Nakamura,Y.Watanabe.N.2012Characterisation of volatile and non-volatile metabolites in etiolated leaves of tea (Camellia sinensis) plants in the dark135412881292)| false