Aeration Irrigation Can Improve Growth of Table Grape cv. Red Globe (Vitis vinifera L.) in Greenhouse

in HortScience

Aeration through subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) can promote plant growth and increase crop yield; however, more research is focused on annual crops, and there are few studies on perennial crops. We have studied a new type of SDI (SDI with tanks) suitable for cultivation and production of perennial fruit trees and photovoltaic aeration device in greenhouse. The results showed that aeration irrigation promoted the growth of new leaves, fine roots, and new branches of grape, regulated O2/CO2 content in rhizosphere soil, and accelerated air exchange in rhizosphere soil. This study showed that aeration irrigation did not change the structure of bacteria and fungi but significantly increased the abundance of aerobic bacteria, such as Nitrospira and Cytophagia. Moreover, it promoted the increase of Pseudomonas and Aspergillus related to phosphate solubilization, that of Bacillus related to potassium solubilization, and that of Fusarium related to organic matter (OM) decomposition. This study shows that aeration irrigation through SDI with tanks can promote grape growth, which may be related to the ability of aeration irrigation to change the gas composition of rhizosphere soil, optimize the structure of rhizosphere soil microorganism.

Contributor Notes

This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31760550), Corps major scientific and technological project plan (2016AA002), and Basic Project of Shihezi University (20170845; Gxjs2015-zdgg04). We acknowledge Beijing Novogene Bioinformatics Technology Co., Ltd. for deep 16S rRNA and ITS barcode sequencing. We thank Elsevier Webshop for assistance with language.

Co-first authors.

Corresponding authors. E-mail: yukun409@163.com or lhfeng7227@sohu.com.

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Article Figures

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    Experimental design. (1) Water pump. (2) Main tube. (3) Filter. (4) Aeration system for subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) with tanks. (5) Water meter. (6) Switch. (7) Branch pipe of SDI with tanks.

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    Effect of aeration irrigation on grape rhizosphere soil respiration and oxygen saturation.

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    Relative abundance of bacterial phyla (A) and fungal phyla (B) in aeration (T) and control (CK) groups at soil depths of 0 to 10 (a), 20 to 30 (b), and 40 to 50 cm (c). “Others” indicates phyla with an extremely low abundance.

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    Relative abundance of bacterial classes in the aeration (T) and control (CK) groups at soil depths of 0 to 10 cm (a), 20 to 30 (b), and 40 to 50 cm (c). “Others” indicates phyla with extremely low abundance.

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